In fact, Calvert’s family were recusant Catholics who frequently found themselves in trouble with the English government, which had been doing its utmost to stamp out Catholicism under the reign of Queen Elizabeth during Calvert’s childhood. See also Bibbins 289-290. [xl] Johnson, 115-116. “You can’t predict which way the river of history will turn, or where the rapids will appear,” Brown continues. Confederate flags; Maryland; United States of America. While the design derived directly from the seventeenth-century Calvert family coat of arms, for Marylanders of the 1880s the new banner must have conveyed a powerful message. The injunction will effectively be lifted on Nov. 17, and Maryland Attorney General Brian Frosh said a recall could begin this fall. In one chapter, she told a story, as it was passed down to her, regarding the Army of Northern Virginia. Almost immediately, Jancewicz found information linking the red-and-white quadrants of the flag—and the cross bottony contained therein—to the Confederate cause. And this year, a panel including Jones voted to remove a plaque that honored the Civil War’s Union and Confederate soldiers and showed the U.S. flag and Confederate flag crossed. Consequently, those interested in defending Maryland’s heritage must draw strength from the knowledge elucidated in these pages, as well as from the following conclusions: The Crosland cross bottony, regardless of its colonial past, was worn as an unmistakable symbol by Marylanders who were willing to risk everything, in the name of their state and its proud history, for the cause of republican government. Moreover, while Maryland Confederates may not have worn red and white for the exact same reason, they did wear those colors as a universal symbol of loyalty to the Confederacy. While the historic record prior to the War Between the States points to the recognition of the Calvert family colors as Maryland’s unofficial flag, the state government officially adopted the Crosland colors along with the Calvert colors as the state flag in 1904. Brown doesn’t believe there will be widespread demand to change the flag unless people on one side start using the red and white banner at their rallies, in the same way the Confederate flag is used. [li], It was with both “pleasure” and “sorrow,” according to the words of Colonel Charles D. Gaither of the Fifth Regiment, that the “old standard” of 1868 was “laid away” on October 18, 1889. [xiv] The picture of the reverse side of the Great Seal of 1854 comes from Hall. The flag of the Union Army of Maryland. We simply hold it too dear. [i]  It is the coats of arms from the Calvert and Crosland families where Maryland derives the design and colors of its current flag. The Union Army of Maryland flew this flag, which is the heraldic banner of George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. Gov. According to Hall’s work, The Great Seal of Maryland, the error in colors for the Crosland Arms on the 1854 Great Seal pertained to the cross itself, not the red and white field. There are many flags of the Confederate States of America, plus regimental flags, artillery flags, Calvary flags, naval jacks and headquarters flags. Bourbon and Kentucky: A History Distilled. The Tennessean, in an article reprinted from the Baltimore Republican in 1861, entitled, “The ‘Red, White and Red,’ ” stated, “On Saturday evening [in Baltimore] two small children were arrested, charged with having upon their persons the prohibited colors, and after having been detained for some time they were released.”[xxviii]  In another article, entitled, “The War on Women,” the Natchez Daily Courier reported on events in Baltimore in 1862: Somewhat of an excitement was created yesterday afternoon on Baltimore street in the vicinity of Gay street, by the appearance of two young women on a promenade, both having upon their dresses rosettes of red and white silk, while one of them displayed a Confederate flag… The police soon accosted them, and informed them that they were under arrest… After a proper examination of the case, the Marshal decided to release them on security to keep the peace.[xxix]. The latter conclusion is even more likely when one, again, factors in the erroneous colors used in the Crosland portions of the Great Seal that found on the regimental flags of the First and Second Maryland, both of which Johnson commanded at different points in the war. See also Fifth Regiment, 1867-1899 (Baltimore: A. Hoen and Co., 1899), http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc5300/sc5339/000052/000000/000001/restricted/speccol/sc5300/sc5390/000001/000000/000001/html/00066-0001.html 7-8. The bigger question may be whether Maryland should fly any flag paying homage to the Calvert family—either black and gold or red and white. It is known that Maryland’s U.S. Union troops often stitched the black and gold Calvert emblem, more closely associated with the North, into their uniforms. [lxii] “History of the Maryland Flag.”  This assertion is supported by the several books and other sources cited above. Mississippi adopted a magnolia symbol as it replaced the last state flag in the U.S. with the Confederate battle emblem. In addition to once being a captain and first lieutenant of Company E, Fifth Regiment, Hall was also a historian and editor of the Archives of Maryland. Throughout nearly every decade in Maryland’s storied past, whether on the Great Seal or seemingly countless numbers of flags, the quartered Calvert and Crosland coat of arms have borne witness to innumerable events, both noble and tragic. Hi I’m Raina Weinberg, a Maryland resident and student. [lxi] Culver, 21-22. The legislature has another chance to repeal Maryland’s Confederate state song “Maryland, My Maryland” this session. Written originally as a poem by James Ryder Randall during the Civil War era in 1861, the song ‘Maryland, My Maryland… [xxxviii] The picture of the cross bottony comes from Civil War Times Magazine, documented in “Rare Artifacts from Maryland Confederate Soldiers,” HISTORYNET, accessed February 1, 2018, http://www.historynet.com/rare-artifacts-from-confederate-maryland-soldiers.htm. The State rights clubs had been flying the secession flag, the stars and bars of the Confederacy, and the palmetto of South Carolina. But first, it wants to know what the public thinks. Maryland may recall its license plates displaying the Confederate flag after a federal judge lifted an injunction that previously protected the specialty plates. Frequently, these soldiers wore ornamental crosses in the bottony style, either made of silver (or silver-plated brass) of about one inch by one inch, as personal identifications and an homage to their beloved state (Figure 7). The passage of time had gradually diminished the passions of former Rebels and Yankees, permitting them to work together once again. The first and most obvious flaw is the assumption that Maryland Confederates (whether southern sympathizers or soldiers) had negatively associated the Calvert colors of black and gold with the Union. A Civil War museum in Frederick, Maryland, that used to have a Confederate flag on its logo ditched the controversial symbol in a new logo that was unveiled Wednesday. For an example of an article that echoes the theory of the Maryland Secretary of State webpage, though, in a subjective manner, see Andrew Beaujon, “Maryland’s Flag Has a Subtle Symbol of Confederate Sympathy,” Washingtonian, August 19, 2015. https://www.washingtonian.com/2015/08/19/marylands-flag-confederate-symbol-crossland-banner-calvert-family/ . Larry Hogan declared the flag would not be changed on his watch. [xiii]  As for the flag, no design was ever officially adopted by the Maryland government in the late 18th century following statehood, nor was there any official flag throughout the 19th century. It became the focal point of an ornate iron gateway in front of the Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers’ Home in Pikesville. "Confederate-sympathizing language is not … Even when the Maryland legislature significantly cut annual militia appropriations in 1870 and practically every other military unit in the state disbanded, the Fifth remained strong due to its ability to raise money through honorary memberships. However, it originally was part of the symbol of the founding family of Maryland. Virginia had seceded, the North was marching. This disposition, usually identified only with Evangelicals, touched even high Anglicans and Catholics making possible a bond of low country patriotism in the Revolutionary era. The Union clubs had over their halls the stars and stripes; but during the afternoon of April 18th the Union flags were hauled down and the State flag of Maryland everywhere substituted. [v]  Finally, just prior to Calvert’s death, 1632, Charles I granted him a proprietary charter for Maryland. There actually is a record of seal dated earlier than 1648, but which was lost or destroyed during the tumultuous English Civil War period, in which there was also rebellion in Maryland during the year 1644. [xxv] Manakee and Whiteford, 16-20. Four years later, in 1617, he was knighted. This year's nationwide protests against racial injustice may have made the difference. “It is a moving tribute from George Calvert to his wife,” says Henry Miller, a historical archaeologist and director of research for St. Mary’s City. Lastly, if Maryland Confederates viewed an unofficial Calvert flag with a Maryland government remained loyal to the Union, it would naturally follow that they would certainly have the same view toward an official symbol of the state, such as the Great Seal, but they did not. The historic record of the War Between the States definitively shows a direct relationship between Maryland soldiers who served in the Confederacy and the cross bottony of the Crosland arms. Lastly, in June 1891, the regiment dedicated a statue in Loudon Park Cemetery to James R. Herbert, officer in the First and Second Maryland Infantries, C.S.A., and original colonel of the reorganized Fifth, who had died in 1884. At the same time, such an assertion, though whimsical, does not entirely miss the mark. In 1639, under Cecil Calvert—the second Lord Baltimore—Maryland became the first colony to specify baptism as a Christian did not make a slave a free person, as it did in England. Even General Robert E. Lee distanced himself from it. [xlv], Throughout its existence during the 19th century and beyond, the Fifth prided itself on being the best maintained and disciplined militia of Maryland and one of the best in the entire country. Before it could be completed and gifted to soldiers of the Fifty-Third Regiment, Union troops occupied the city. Coakley discovered that whenever Cecil Calvert and the other Barons of Baltimore were conducting official English business, they only used the paly of six as their coat of arms. Further research reveals that Maryland Confederates did heavily influence the adoption of the iconic Maryland flag; however, it was not a result of their actions during the war. 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