A nation-state is a cultural group (a nation) that is also a state (and may, in addition, be a sovereign state). A large aggregate of men, healthy in mind and warm of heart, creates the kind of moral conscience which we call a nation. "Consult the populations, for heaven's sake! France can claim the glory for having, through the French Revolution, proclaimed that a nation exists of itself. How is it that France continues to be a nation, when the principle which created it has disappeared? In what ways does the principle of nationality differ from that of races? Sometimes unity has been effected by a dynasty, as was the case in France; sometimes it has been brought about by the direct will of provinces, as was the case with Holland, Switzerland, and Belgium; sometimes it has been the work of a general consciousness, belatedly victorious over the caprices of feudalism, as was the case in Italy and Germany. On June 16, 1858, newly nominated senatorial candidate Abraham Lincoln addresses the Illinois Republican Convention in Springfield and warns that the nation faces a … The primordial right of races is as narrow and as perilous for genuine progress as the national principle is just and legitimate. May the spirit of wisdom guide you, in order to preserve you from the countless dangers with which your path is strewn! All Gallic consciousness had perished by the second century AD, and it is only from a purely scholarly perspective that, in our own days, the individuality of the Gallic character has been retrospectively recovered. Speaking to more than 1,000 delegates in an ominous tone, Lincoln paraphrased a passage from the New Testament: a house divided against itself cannot stand. Trifling circumstances meant that Philip Augustus did not seize these islands together with the rest of Normandy. The will of Switzerland to be united, in spite of the diversity of her dialects, is a fact of far greater importance than a similitude often obtained by various vexatious measures. his term means that something is clearly true to all and needs no explanation or proof. Athens, Sparta, Tyre and Sidon were small centres imbued with the most admirable patriotism, but they were [simply] cities with a relatively restricted territory. Each defeat advanced the cause of Italy; each victory spelled doom for Turkey; for Italy is a nation, and Turkey, outside of Asia Minor, is not one. The Frankish Empire so rapidly extended its sway that, for a period, it re-established the unity of the west, but it was irreparably shattered around the middle of the ninth century; the partition of Verdun outlined divisions which were in principle immutable and, from then on, France, Germany, England, Italy, and Spain made their way, by often circuitous paths and through a thousand and one vicissitudes, to their full national existence, such as we see it blossoming today. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except for material where copyright is reserved by a party other than FEE. One loves the house that one has built and that one has handed down. What was the Articles of Confederation? Man, Gentlemen, does not improvise. The same thing took place after almost all the Norman conquests. A native of Jersey or Guernsey differs in no way, as far as his origins are concerned, from the Norman population of the opposite coast. 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